Terracota Army

Terracota Army

The Terracotta Army was discovered on March 29, 1974 by farmers in the Lintong District, Xi’an, Shaanxi province. This is considered funerary art, which celebrates the life and memory of an icon in Chinese history. These life-size sculptures were created in memory of the Terracotta Warriors, the army of the first Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. The sculptures were created to accompany Emperor Qin Shi Huang during the afterlife. Construction of the Emperor’s mausoleum began when the Emperor took the throne at age 13. He was buried alongside these sculptures around 210–209 BC. There were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses. Other sculptures like musicians and officials were also found. It is said that the sculpture represent the exact number of soldiers. 700,000 citizens from each region of the empire worked non-stop until the death of the emperor so they could create this subterranean city inside of an embankment. The city was an actual scale model of the palace, the empire and the world. The materials were fortified by automatically activated weapons designed to prevent tomb robbers. This is the largest tomb in Chinese history due to the fact that it is the first Emperor’s tomb that unified the country. It affirms the establishing of the first unified empire, the Qin Dynasty. During the 3rd century BCE, this Dynasty had unparalleled political, military and economic power and boosted the societal, cultural and artistic level of the empire.


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